'Renaissance', meaning rebirth in French, is the era followed by the medieval era due to changes in the economic, social, cultural and intellectual view of the mass. It started in Florence, Italy. In the late 1400s, the movement spread through entire Europe. 'Humanism' gained an impetus by saying that 'Man is the center of the universe'; a deep dive into the philosophical aspects made the crowd appreciate the human achievement in classical arts, music, literature etc. Breaking the usual religious orthodoxy reserved for art, the artists more so focused on portraying the subjects in a more humanistic way which led them to understand the human anatomy in detail alongside emotions such as innocence, joy and anger. Many breakthrough scientific discoveries were made in this era with the help of Art, Architecture and Science being closely linked. The artists like Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Botticelli, Donatello, and Raphael emerged, and the wealthy families (The Medici) began investing, trading and a severe collection of artwork. Great paintings like The Mona Lisa and The last supper, Vitruvian Man (Da Vinci), The Creation Of Adam, Statue Of David (Michelangelo), The School of Athens (Raphael) etc., are preserved in museums in Europe for tourist attraction. The renaissance era focused more on the wise aspect bringing the idea of naturalism, realism and humanism with Philosophical bounds to the story.
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